The volunteers who helped in the campaign of Benigno C. “Noynoy” Aquino,III are sounding deliriously triumphant . The landslide victory of their presidential bet is certainly something to celebrate. What should worry Noynoy’s voters who comprised the 40 per cent of the Filipinos who cast their ballots for the presumptive next President of the Philippines is the reality that winning the election is the easiest part of their wish to reform the government back home.
Noynoy faces an anti-Aquino Congress; a judiciary packed with appointees of his predecessor who he vowed to prosecute for her alleged corruption; a politicized military; an on-going Muslim and communist insurgency; a corrupt bureaucracy and local governments packed with dynastic warlords. Volunteers gravitate to crusades. Their enthusiasm occasionally wins elections. They are however adverse in working with traditional politicians who they find repulsive.
Volunteers defer to the rhetoric of the Obama-type which mesmerized them to no end. But even President Obama knows when to resort to wily point men like Rahm Emmanuel to get pet bills passed in a hostile Congress. Reform-oriented voters are an impatient lot. One day, Fr. Ed Panlilio and Gov. Grace Padaca are their crusading leaders and, shortly after, these heroes are dumped into a dustbin of has-beens.
Former Supreme Court Justice Artemio Panganiban has a thoughtful commentary that might help the incoming President of the Philippines, excerpts from his May 23, 2010 column in the Philippine Daily Inquirer follows:
Noynoy’s most vexing problem
Great victories spawn great expectations. Instead of massing in our streets to oust disgraced leaders and to install new ones, our people overrode technical glitches and human frailties in our first automated national election to hand Noynoy Aquino the most convincing electoral mandate since the new Constitution took effect in 1987. They want him to use this new genre of People Power to transform our country.
Verily, our people expect Noynoy to solve their gnawing problems. They are hungry for food, for justice and for peace. They want him to cleanse the cesspools of corruption, poverty, ignorance, criminality and separatism. For too long they have been deprived. They cannot wait too long. They want immediate action, from Day One of his presidency.
To do this, he needs to choose exemplary subalterns; to expand his congressional base and push necessary legislation; to reform the police and the military; to improve tax collection and local governance; to beef-up education and health care; to straighten up the bureaucracy; to clean up the environment and to elevate ethical standards.
But the most vexing problem is the prosecution of grafters. His mantra of “Kung walang corrupt, walang mahirap” was the most clapped portion of his campaign. He promised to investigate and prosecute the alleged excesses and ill-gotten wealth of the Arroyos. This is easier said than done.
His mother, Cory, had one year of revolutionary rule—undeterred by legal niceties—to dismantle the Marcos machine, to name a new Supreme Court, to change the Constitution and to reorganize the bureaucracy. Then, she had five more, or a total of six years from 1986 to 1992 (equivalent to Noynoy’s own six-year term), yet these were not enough. Up to now, the chase for the allegedly fabulous Marcos wealth has not ended.
In this sense, Noynoy faces more daunting odds than his mother did because he would not enjoy that one year of free rule to scrape the barnacles of government. Right off, he has to face the gridlocks of democracy and the many constitutional checks that could be misused and abused to stymie his reforms. President Macapagal-Arroyo carefully selected all the members of the Supreme Court and the Office of the Ombudsman to be sure—so goes the public perception—that she and her cronies would be beyond the reach of our laws.
Noynoy has publicly criticized GMA’s appointment of Chief Justice Renato C. Corona, saying that he would break tradition and refuse to be sworn in by the new chief magistrate. This early confrontation is symptomatic of the difficulties he would be facing.
Noynoy’s anti-corruption campaign would surely flounder without the cooperation—worse, with the enmity—of the Supreme Court, which reversed half a century of jurisprudence banning midnight appointments to usher the coronation of its new chief. The creation of a commission to investigate the Arroyos’ alleged ill-gotten wealth, similar to that created by his mother for the Marcoses, would amount to nothing without a cooperative Ombudsman and an unbiased judiciary.
Surely, Noynoy’s crusade would grind to a halt if he cannot win over the indispensable prosecutor (the Ombudsman) and the final arbiter (the Supreme Court) of corruption cases. The Constitution has given these agencies fixed terms of office and formidable fiscal and administrative independence from the President and Congress.
(But take a cue from) President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Brazil. Rising as the leader of the leftist Workers’ Party, Lula met strong opposition to his radical reforms. After moderating his ideas, he used his political capital to lift Brazil from the brink of bankruptcy.
His country now belongs to the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China), the most economically progressive nations in this planet. Recently, Time Magazine named Lula one of the most influential leaders of the world. During the G20 Summit in London last April 2009, US President Barack Obama fondly greeted him, “That’s my man right there… The most popular politician on earth.”
Like in the US, our media give new presidents 100 days of honeymoon. If Noynoy must succeed in transforming this nation, he must immediately seize the momentum and deftly use his huge political capital, the new form of People Power, to win over the constitutional structures that are dominated by appointees of the predecessor he has promised to bring to justice. This calls for courage, innovation and passion. Does he embody the gravitas to be hailed later on by our people (and, maybe, Obama too), “That’s our man, our sword of justice and our liberator from poverty”?
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